Prostate Cancer Stages

Cancer starts gone cells in the body begin to amass out of control. Cells in nearly any portion of the body can become cancer cells, and can improve to new areas of the body. To learn more more or less how cancers begin and spread, see What Is Cancer?

Prostate Cancer Stages

Prostate cancer begins later than cells in the prostate gland start to increase uncontrollably. The prostate is a gland found lonesome in males. It makes some of the unstructured that is allowance of semen.

The prostate is under the bladder and in belly of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes gone age. In younger men, it is approximately the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.

Just in back the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that create most of the nebulous for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the middle of the prostate.

Prostate Cancer Stages

illustration showing the prostate in description to the penis, scrotum and rectum in the same way as a detail showing a cancerous tumor

Types of prostate cancer

Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers produce from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate shapeless that is added to the semen).

Other types of prostate cancer include:

Small cell carcinomas
Neuroendocrine tumors (other than little cell carcinomas)
Transitional cell carcinomas
These additional types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer it is vis--vis distinct to be an adenocarcinoma.

Some prostate cancers can build up and build up quickly, but most mount up slowly. In fact, autopsy studies acquit yourself that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of extra causes plus had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.

Possible pre-cancerous conditions of the prostate

Some research suggests that prostate cancer starts out as a pre-cancerous condition, although this is not still known for sure. These conditions are sometimes found later a man has a prostate biopsy (removal of small pieces of the prostate to look for cancer).

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN)

In PIN, there are changes in how the prostate gland cells look under a microscope, but the atypical cells dont see later than they are growing into supplementary parts of the prostate (like cancer cells would). Based upon how deviant the patterns of cells look, they are classified as:

Low-grade PIN: the patterns of prostate cells appear something like normal
High-grade PIN: the patterns of cells look more abnormal
PIN begins to appear in the prostates of some men as prematurely as in their 20s.

Many men start to fabricate low-grade fix next they are younger but dont necessarily build prostate cancer. The realistic partner between low-grade attach and prostate cancer is nevertheless unclear.

If high-grade fasten is found in your prostate biopsy sample, there is more or less a 20% chance that you then have cancer in unorthodox place of your prostate.

Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA)

In PIA, the prostate cells look smaller than normal, and there are signs of inflammation in the area. PIA is not cancer, but researchers understand that PIA may sometimes guide to high-grade PIN, or perhaps to prostate cancer directly.

Prostate Cancer Stages

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