What Causes Prostate Cancer

Cancer starts once cells in the body begin to build up out of control. Cells in approximately any portion of the body can become cancer cells, and can development to new areas of the body. To learn more nearly how cancers begin and spread, see What Is Cancer?

What Causes Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer begins like cells in the prostate gland begin to build up uncontrollably. The prostate is a gland found single-handedly in males. It makes some of the vague that is allocation of semen.

The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes with age. In younger men, it is nearly the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.

Just at the rear the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that make most of the formless for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the middle of the prostate.

What Causes Prostate Cancer

illustration showing the prostate in description to the penis, scrotum and rectum considering a detail showing a cancerous tumor

Types of prostate cancer

Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that create the prostate nebulous that is further to the semen).

Other types of prostate cancer include:

Small cell carcinomas
Neuroendocrine tumors (other than little cell carcinomas)
Transitional cell carcinomas
These further types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer it is roughly speaking positive to be an adenocarcinoma.

Some prostate cancers can amass and proceed quickly, but most add slowly. In fact, autopsy studies pretend that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of further causes with had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.

Possible pre-cancerous conditions of the prostate

Some research suggests that prostate cancer starts out as a pre-cancerous condition, although this is not still known for sure. These conditions are sometimes found past a man has a prostate biopsy (removal of little pieces of the prostate to see for cancer).

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN)

In PIN, there are changes in how the prostate gland cells see under a microscope, but the deviant cells dont look next they are growing into further parts of the prostate (like cancer cells would). Based upon how irregular the patterns of cells look, they are classified as:

Low-grade PIN: the patterns of prostate cells appear a propos normal
High-grade PIN: the patterns of cells see more abnormal
PIN begins to appear in the prostates of some men as ahead of time as in their 20s.

Many men begin to manufacture low-grade stick taking into consideration they are younger but dont necessarily produce prostate cancer. The realizable link with low-grade pin and prostate cancer is yet unclear.

If high-grade fasten is found in your prostate biopsy sample, there is roughly a 20% unintended that you as a consequence have cancer in unorthodox area of your prostate.

Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA)

In PIA, the prostate cells see smaller than normal, and there are signs of inflammation in the area. PIA is not cancer, but researchers admit that PIA may sometimes lead to high-grade PIN, or perhaps to prostate cancer directly.

What Causes Prostate Cancer

prostate cancer cured