What Is Prostate Cancer

Cancer starts once cells in the body begin to amass out of control. Cells in approximately any allowance of the body can become cancer cells, and can go forward to further areas of the body. To learn more approximately how cancers begin and spread, see What Is Cancer?

What Is Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer begins gone cells in the prostate gland begin to go to uncontrollably. The prostate is a gland found unaccompanied in males. It makes some of the formless that is share of semen.

The prostate is under the bladder and in belly of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes once age. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.

Just behind the prostate are glands called seminal vesicles that create most of the nebulous for semen. The urethra, which is the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, goes through the center of the prostate.

What Is Prostate Cancer

illustration showing the prostate in relation to the penis, scrotum and rectum in the manner of a detail showing a cancerous tumor

Types of prostate cancer

Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers produce from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate vague that is extra to the semen).

Other types of prostate cancer include:

Small cell carcinomas
Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
Transitional cell carcinomas
These additional types of prostate cancer are rare. If you have prostate cancer it is on definite to be an adenocarcinoma.

Some prostate cancers can accumulate and progress quickly, but most build up slowly. In fact, autopsy studies affect that many older men (and even some younger men) who died of supplementary causes plus had prostate cancer that never affected them during their lives. In many cases neither they nor their doctors even knew they had it.

Possible pre-cancerous conditions of the prostate

Some research suggests that prostate cancer starts out as a pre-cancerous condition, although this is not still known for sure. These conditions are sometimes found afterward a man has a prostate biopsy (removal of little pieces of the prostate to see for cancer).

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN)

In PIN, there are changes in how the prostate gland cells look under a microscope, but the unusual cells dont see afterward they are growing into supplementary parts of the prostate (like cancer cells would). Based upon how peculiar the patterns of cells look, they are classified as:

Low-grade PIN: the patterns of prostate cells appear a propos normal
High-grade PIN: the patterns of cells look more abnormal
PIN begins to appear in the prostates of some men as forward as in their 20s.

Many men start to build low-grade fix in the manner of they are younger but dont necessarily build prostate cancer. The practicable member along with low-grade pin and prostate cancer is still unclear.

If high-grade pin is found in your prostate biopsy sample, there is not quite a 20% unintended that you as well as have cancer in substitute area of your prostate.

Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA)

In PIA, the prostate cells see smaller than normal, and there are signs of inflammation in the area. PIA is not cancer, but researchers bow to that PIA may sometimes lead to high-grade PIN, or perhaps to prostate cancer directly.

What Is Prostate Cancer

prostate cancer cured